Environmental training

Altitude training: can it help endurance athletes reach new...

in Environmental training

Pre-competition altitude training has long been used as strategy to enhance performance in endurance athletes. But how much does altitude training really help and can athletes reap the same benefits from simulated altitude training? Belle Roels and Grégoire Millet look at the latest evidence The popular belief that altitude training enhances endurance has probably arisen... MORE

Altitude training

in Environmental training

If altitude training doesn’t work, then why are the Kenyan runners so quick? Scientific research has been extremely unkind to a very popular form of training – altitude training. As scientists have consistently pointed out, training at altitude usually leads to decreased power outputs (slower running speeds, more lethargic cycling velocities, etc.) during workouts, leading... MORE

Acclimatisation: A competitive strategy to combat heat

in Environmental training

Clare Miller discusses strategies to stay cool when the heat is on… Sustained hard exercise in a hot environment presents a greater challenge to the body’s homoeostatic mechanisms than any other situation. The combination of a high rate of metabolic heat production and a restricted capacity for heat dissipation leads to hyperthermia (high body temperature),... MORE

Hot weather exercise

in Environmental training

What’s the key to hot-weather exercise? Produce ” weaker” sweat. Athletes who can exercise at moderately high intensities for 90 minutes under mild weather conditions can usually only last 60-80 minutes as the air temperature and/or humidity increase. Part of the problem is that skin temperature stays at about 35 degrees Centigrade during exercise. As... MORE

High Altitude Training

in Environmental training

The best place in the world to train is in Finland. As we’ve reported many times in PEAK PERFORMANCE, living at altitude is great for the endurance athlete. Moderate to high-altitude living increases red-blood-cell concentrations, allowing more oxygen to reach the muscles during exercise, and also hikes the levels of an important chemical called 2.3-DPG,... MORE

Alititude performance

in Environmental training

If you are very fit, big and male, you will suffer more at altitude. Previous studies have shown that at an altitude greater than 1000m, VO2 max decreases. However, there is a large individual variation in the actual decrement in aerobic power. This latest study investigated a large sample of subjects with a wide range... MORE

Humidity and Performance

in Environmental training

I am an aged veteran sprinter, a poor stayer at any distance beyond 200m. I am often to be found trying to run a slow mile. However, my experiences might show up factors that apply to the top runners too, although they may not be aware of them. Take the recent London Marathon, in which... MORE

Genetics and sports performance

in Environmental training

What research tells us about African runners: are they really genetically more gifted? African runners are genetically superior to white runners. Compared to whites, blacks are better suited for sports which involve short, explosive bursts of energy. Individuals from West Africa ‘make’ good sprinters, while people from East Africa are endurance types.. Those are strong... MORE

Keeping cool

in Environmental training

These nine warm-weather training tips might save your life The return of warm weather may motivate you to expand your training programme and participate more frequently in week-end races, but it also increases your risk of heat cramps, heat exhaustion and even heat stroke while exercising. Many athletes believe that heat problems can’t occur unless... MORE


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